A gravity conveyor is a type of material handling system that uses the force of gravity to move objects along a sloped surface or track. These conveyors rely on objects moving over rollers slide downwards due to the pull of gravity, without the need for any external power source or motors.


  1. Gravity Conveyor Key applications:
  2. Gravity Conveyor Advantages:
  3. Gravity Conveyor Disadvantages:
  4. Gravity Conveyor supplier Metal Products Direct:

Gravity conveyors typically consist of a series of rollers, wheels, or a smooth surface arranged in a declining slope. Objects placed on the conveyor will slide down the slope of the gravity conveyor.

The speed of the objects can be controlled by adjusting the angle of the incline. Features such as brakes, and actuators can be used to control the speed and direction of material.

Gravity conveyors are simple in design and operation, making them a cost-effective and energy-efficient solution for many material handling applications. They are commonly used in warehouses, distribution centers, and manufacturing facilities to transport a variety of materials, including boxes, cartons, packages, and other lightweight or non-fragile items.

1. Gravity Conveyor Key applications:

  1. Transportation of boxes, packages, and other materials between different areas or levels. They can help streamline the flow of goods and improve efficiency. Commonly used in distribution centers and warehouses.
  2. Manufacturing and production lines: In assembly lines or production processes, gravity conveyors can be used to transport components, partially constructed items, or finished products from one location to another.
  3. Order picking and sorting: Allows workers to easily transport and sort items onto different lanes or chutes based on their destination, weight, size, and other factors.
  4. Accumulation and buffering: By incorporating stops or brakes, gravity conveyors can be used to accumulate or buffer items temporarily, helping to regulate the flow of materials and prevent bottlenecks in the operation.
  5. Load and unload stations: Gravity conveyors can be used to facilitate the loading and unloading of materials onto or off of other modes of transportation, such as trucks or shipping containers.

Overall, gravity conveyors are suitable for applications where a simple, cost-effective, and energy-efficient material handling solution is required for transporting lightweight or non-fragile items over relatively short distances or between different levels.

2. Gravity Conveyor Advantages:

  1. Low cost: Gravity conveyors are relatively inexpensive to purchase, install, and maintain compared to powered conveyors, as they do not require any external power source or complex mechanisms.
  2. Energy efficiency: Since gravity conveyors rely solely on the force of gravity to move materials, they do not consume any electricity or fuel, making them an environmentally friendly and cost-effective option.
  3. Simple operation: Gravity conveyors are straightforward to operate and require minimal training for workers, as they simply need to place items on the conveyor and let gravity do the work.

3. Gravity Conveyor Disadvantages:

  1. Limited control: The speed and direction of materials on gravity conveyors are primarily governed by the force of gravity, providing limited control over the movement of items compared to powered conveyors.
  2. Potential for jams or blockages: If items become stuck or jammed on the conveyor, it can disrupt the flow of materials and require manual intervention to clear the obstruction.
  3. Slope limitations: Gravity conveyors are most effective when used on gentle slopes or inclines. Steeper angles may cause items to gain excessive speed, increasing the risk of damage or accidents.
  4. Load capacity constraints: Gravity conveyors are generally suited for transporting lightweight or non-fragile materials. Heavier or delicate items may require powered conveyors to ensure proper handling and control.

While gravity conveyors have some limitations, their simplicity, cost-effectiveness, and energy efficiency make them a popular choice for many material handling applications where these advantages outweigh their disadvantages.

4. Gravity Conveyor supplier Metal Products Direct

Metal Products Direct are specialists in manufacturing of quality gravity conveyors tailored to your requirements. Our skilled engineers in Manchester, use up-to-date and compliant fabrication techniques and to create durable and efficient conveyor systems, including gravity conveyors.

Our team will work closely with you to understand what you need and provide expert guidance on conveyor selection, installation, and maintenance.

Contact us today to discuss your conveyor needs and learn more about our high-quality products and services.

If you would like advise on getting the right gravity conveyor, or need something more bespoke get in touch, or give us a call on 0161 793 0707.

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